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Accueil veterinaires comportementalistes Veille bibliographique veterinaires comportementalistes Effect of a synthetic appeasing pheromone on behavioral, neuroendocrine, immune, and acute-phase perioperative stress responses in dogs

Effect of a synthetic appeasing pheromone on behavioral, neuroendocrine, immune, and acute-phase perioperative stress responses in dogs

Carlo Siracusa, Xavier Manteca, Rafaela Cuenca, Maria del Mar Alcalá, Aurora Alba, Santiago Lavín, and Josep Pastor

Revue : Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, School of Veterinary Medicine, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain. (Siracusa, Cuenca, Lavín, Pastor); Department of Cellular Biology, Physiology and Immunology (Manteca), School of Veterinary Medicine, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain. (Manteca); Centre d'Atenció d'Animals Domestics de Companyia del Maresme, Can Carmany, 08310 Argentona, Spain. (del Mar Alcalá, Alba)
Dr. Siracusa's present address is the Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104.

Supported by the Agència de Gestio d'Ajuts Universitarisde Recerca, Generalitat de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain, and the European Social Fund.

The authors thank Dr. Patrick Pageat, Pherosynthese Laboratories, St Saturnin les Apt, France, for technical assistance.

Address correspondence to Dr. Siracusa (siracusa@vet.upenn.edu).
Objective—To study the effects of a synthetic, dog-appeasing pheromone (sDAP) on the behavioral, neuroendocrine, immune, and acute-phase perioperative stress responses in dogs undergoing elective orchiectomy or ovariohysterectomy.

Design—Randomized, controlled clinical trial.

Animals—46 dogs housed in animal shelters and undergoing elective orchiectomy or ovariohysterectomy.

Procedures—Intensive care unit cages were sprayed with sDAP solution or sham treated with the carrier used in the solution 20 minutes prior to use. Dogs (n = 24 and 22 in the sDAP and sham treatment exposure groups, respectively) were placed in treated cages for 30 minutes before and after surgery. Indicators of stress (ie, alterations in behavioral, neuroendocrine, immune, and acute-phase responses) were evaluated perioperatively. Behavioral response variables, salivary cortisol concentration, WBC count, and serum concentrations of glucose, prolactin, haptoglobin, and C-reactive protein were analyzed.

Results—Behavioral response variables and serum prolactin concentration were influenced by sDAP exposure. Dogs exposed to sDAP were more likely to have alertness and visual exploration behaviors after surgery than were dogs exposed to sham treatment. Decreases in serum prolactin concentrations in response to perioperative stress were significantly smaller in dogs exposed to sDAP, compared with findings in dogs exposed to the sham treatment. Variables examined to evaluate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, immune system, and acute-phase responses were unaffected by treatment.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—sDAP appeared to affect behavioral and neuroendocrine perioperative stress responses by modification of lactotropic axis activity. Use of sDAP in a clinical setting may improve the recovery and welfare of dogs undergoing surgery. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2010;237:673-681)

JAVMA September 15, 2010, Vol. 237, No. 6, Pages 673-681

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