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Accueil veterinaires comportementalistes Veille bibliographique veterinaires comportementalistes Temperament and personality in dogs (Canis familiaris): A review and evaluation of past research

Temperament and personality in dogs (Canis familiaris): A review and evaluation of past research

Amanda C. Jones, and Samuel D. Gosling

Revue : Applied Animal Behaviour Science

The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Psychology, 1 University Station A8000, Austin, TX 78712-0187, USA

Spurred by theoretical and applied goals, the study of dog temperament has begun to garner considerable research attention. The researchers studying temperament in dogs come from varied backgrounds, bringing with them diverse perspectives, and publishing in a broad range of journals. This paper reviews and evaluates the disparate work on canine temperament. We begin by summarizing general trends in research on canine temperament. To identify specific patterns, we propose several frameworks for organizing the literature based on the methods of assessment, the breeds examined, the purpose of the studies, the age at which the dogs were tested, the breeding and rearing environment, and the sexual status of the dogs. Next, an expert-sorting study shows that the enormous number of temperament traits examined can be usefully classified into seven broad dimensions. Meta-analyses of the findings pertaining to inter-rater agreement, test?retest reliability, internal consistency, and convergent validity generally support the reliability and validity of canine temperament tests but more studies are needed to support these preliminary findings. Studies examining discriminant validity are needed, as preliminary findings on discriminant validity are mixed. We close by drawing 18 conclusions about the field, identifying the major theoretical and empirical questions that remain to be addressed.
Keywords: Personality; Temperament; Dog; Canis familiaris

Applied Animal Behaviour Science. Novembre 2005

 

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