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Abnormal Behavior In Horses Of Tehran's Ridding Clubs

Mohsen Ahmadinejad* (Bvsc. DVM, PhD); Habibi Porya§ (DVM)

Congrès : 11th Annual Meeting of the Italian Association of Equine Veterinarians (Italy - 2005)

*Institute of Technico Vocational Education, Ministry of Jahade-Agriculture;
§Faculty of veterinary Medicine, Kazeron

For millions of years, the horse was a grazing and free living animal. It's social units, was formed in small groups of which had a leader, and not letting other horses to led his group. From the time that the horse was used by man and the horse industry was developed, the horse was revented from his own social life. In course of time and with the development of the industry, instead of being freely in pasture, they are forced to feed in limited time and there after nothing to do, especially not enjoying the social life.

In this study the abnormal behavior of the horses in Tehran's ridding clubs were studied. Totally 690 horses of different breed, sex and age were used in this study and statistically analyzed. The abnormal behavior was studied from different aspects including; types of the abnormality, ration fed and the aims of which the horses were used (sports, breeding, etc.). The results showed that the prevalence of the most important abnormal behavior included; aerophagia, weaving, pawing, head tossing, self mutilation, crib-biting, crib-whetting, tongue displacement, aggression, kicking, biting, oprophagia and wood chewing respectively. The prevalence of crib-biting, a lasting damage (if not controlled) to the digestive system and aerophagia were.
16% in Thorough breed (T.B.) horse where as in Kurd, Turkman, Turkman x T.B., and Arab breed, were 14%, 11.9%, 6.1% and 2.3% respectively. Other digestive abnormal behavior noted in this study were; coprophagia (%4.9), wood chewing (1.30%), crib-whetting (0.9%) and tricophagia (0.4%).

The results also showed that among 690 cases studied, the prevalence of crib-biting, aerophagia, weaving and sterotype-pacing in T.B. horses were about 26%, where as these abnormalities plus self mutilation and crib-whetting among Turkman-T.B., Turkman, Kurdish and Arab breeds were, 24%, 11.9%, 6.1% and 2.3% respectively. The prevalence of these abnormalities among athlete horses with different sport aims (such as show jumping, cross country and polo) and breeding and longing were 11.2%, 7.7%, 14.4%, 7.1% and 11.4% respectively. Last but not least the prevalence of the abnormalities in relation to the ration fed were; alfalfa + barley + straw + platted food (26.7%), alfalfa + barley + straw (11.5%) and alfalfa + barley + straw + bran (0%).

11th Annual Meeting of the Italian Association of Equine Veterinarians - SIVE, 2005 - Pisa, Italy

 

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