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Accueil veterinaires comportementalistes Veille bibliographique veterinaires comportementalistes Controlled and automatic uses of memory in depressed patients: effect of retention interval lengths

Controlled and automatic uses of memory in depressed patients: effect of retention interval lengths

Françoise Jermann, Martial Van der Linden, Stéphane Adam, Grazia Ceschi and Alain Perroud

Revue : Behaviour Research and Therapy

Received 12 September 2003; revised 14 July 2004; accepted 29 July 2004. Available online 17 November 2004.


The present study examines controlled and automatic uses of memory in clinically depressed patients by applying the Process Dissociation Procedure developed by Jacoby (1991) to a stem completion memory task with short and long retention intervals. The results show that the contribution of controlled processes is lower in depressed patients than in controls, especially for the longest retention interval, whereas the contribution of automatic processes is equivalent in both groups and unaffected by the length of the retention interval. These findings are discussed in a cognitive control framework.

Keywords: Depression; Controlled processes; Retention interval length; Process dissociation procedure


Corresponding author. Tel.: +41 22 379 93 45; fax: +41 22 379 93 59.

Behaviour Research and Therapy - Volume 43, Issue 5, Pages 569-583 (May 2005)

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