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Accueil veterinaires comportementalistes Veille bibliographique veterinaires comportementalistes Comparisons between rumination and worry in a non-clinical population

Comparisons between rumination and worry in a non-clinical population

Ed Watkins, Michelle Moulds and Bundy Mackintosh

Revue : Behaviour Research and Therapy

a - School of Psychology, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QG, UK
b - Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
c - Faculty of Social Sciences, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK

Received 3 February 2003; revised 20 October 2003; accepted 7 November 2004. Available online 9 February 2005.



Major depression is characterised by ruminative thinking whilst worry is considered central in generalised anxiety disorder (GAD). However, not only do these two forms of repetitive negative thinking regularly co-occur in the same individual but similarities between worry and rumination are apparent. Adapting a methodology developed by Langlois et al. (Behav. Res. Therapy 38 (2000) 157?173), this study directly compared worry and rumination in a non-clinical population across a series of variables drawn from current models (appraisal, general descriptors and emotional reactions). Each of 149 female volunteers, with a wide range of age and backgrounds, identified a ruminative thought and a different worry and subsequently evaluated them using the Cognitive Intrusion Questionnaire. Significant within-subject differences were revealed on seven variables: chronicity, unpleasantness, reality of problem, future orientation, past orientation, feelings of worry and insecurity. There were no differences found between worry and rumination on appraisals and strategies, consistent with accounts that propose that worry and rumination share the same processes but involve different content (Cognitive Ther. Res. 24 (2000) 671?688).

Keywords: Worry; Rumination; Appraisals; Strategies



Corresponding author. Tel.: +44 139 226 4692; fax: +44 139 226 4626.
1 Present address: School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia.

Behaviour Research and Therapy - Volume 43, Issue 12 - Pages 1577-1585

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