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Accueil veterinaires comportementalistes Veille bibliographique veterinaires comportementalistes Acute nicotine withdrawal symptoms and anxious responding to bodily sensations: A test of incremental predictive validity among young adult regular smokers

Acute nicotine withdrawal symptoms and anxious responding to bodily sensations: A test of incremental predictive validity among young adult regular smokers

Michael J. Zvolensky, Matthew T. Feldner, Ellen W. Leen-Feldner, Laura E. Gibson, Kenneth Abrams and Kristin Gregor

Revue : Behaviour Research and Therapy

a - Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, 320 Dewey Hall, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
b - University of Richmond, USA

Received 13 July 2004; revised 6 October 2004; accepted 18 October 2004. Available online 25 February 2005.




Abstract
Although previous work has found associations between panic and smoking, little research has investigated potential mechanisms by which smoking may contribute to panic problems. The present investigation evaluated the incremental validity of acute nicotine withdrawal symptoms (elicited by an average of 2 h of nicotine deprivation) relative to negative affectivity, anxiety sensitivity, and nicotine dependence in predicting anxiety responding to 3-min voluntary hyperventilation. The sample consisted of 90 regular smokers (46 females), as defined by smoking 10 cigarettes per day for at least 1 year, recruited through the general community. Consistent with prediction, greater levels of pre-challenge nicotine withdrawal symptoms uniquely predicted post-challenge intensity of panic symptoms and anxiety relative to other established factors. Findings are discussed in the context of how regular smoking may promote panic symptomotology.

Keywords: Smoking; Anxiety; Bodily sensations; Nicotine withdrawal symptoms; Biological challenge

Behaviour Research and Therapy - Volume 43, Issue 12 - Pages 1683-1700

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